Hilandar Monastery is a Serbian Orthodox monastery on Mount Athos in Greece. It was founded in 1198 by the first Serbian Archbishop Saint Sava and his father, Serbian Grand Prince Stefan Nemanja, who later became a monk there. They took the blessing from the Vatopedi Monastery’s abbot to (re)build it and that’s why it is considered sister monastery with Vatopedi.
It was the center of Serbian religious and secular culture, and “the first Serbian university”. The Mother of God through her Icon of Three Hands (Trojeručica), is considered the abbess.
The etymological meaning of the name “Hilandar” is possibly derived from chelandion, a type of Byzantine transport ship, whose skipper was called a “helandaris”.
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