We can divide the human soul into four aspects, three of which are formulated by Plato and, on the whole, are accepted by the Holy Fathers. We have two irrational aspects: the appetitive aspect, which is soul’s desiring power; and the inflammatory aspect, which is the vehement power that often manifests as anger, defence or avoidance. Also, we have two rational aspects, according to St. Gregory Palamas, which further separates Plato’s rationality into logic and mind (nous) which is the ultimate attention, the eye of the soul, the good sense.
Based on St. Gregory Palamas, Metropolitan Hierotheos of Nafpaktou, Elder Joseph of Vatopaidi
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